DOL PERM 9089 Top 10 FAQ

Navigating through the PERM labor certification process can be complex and daunting. Whether you’re an employer or a prospective foreign worker, there are numerous critical details you should understand. This comprehensive guide will tackle the top 10 frequently asked questions about the PERM labor certification process. We aim to demystify the process, including the role of the employer, prevailing wage determination, recruitment steps, potential denial reasons, and next steps after approval.

1. What is the PERM labor certification process?

The PERM labor certification process is an integral part of the U.S. immigration system, designed to protect the interests of U.S. workers. It involves an employer testing the local job market to prove that there are no willing, qualified, and able U.S. workers to fill a specific position. Only then can the employer offer the job to a foreign worker.

2. Who is eligible for PERM labor certification?

Eligibility for PERM labor certification is primarily determined by the job requirements set by the employer and the qualifications of the foreign worker. The job requirements should be customary to the position and the foreign worker must meet these requirements.

3. How long does the PERM labor certification process take?

The length of the PERM labor certification process can vary, largely dependent on the specifics of each case and the processing times of the Department of Labor. On average, it could take between six months to a year, although delays can extend this timeline.

4. What is the role of the employer in the PERM process?

The employer plays a critical role in the PERM process. They are responsible for determining the prevailing wage, conducting recruitment efforts, filing the ETA Form 9089, and maintaining an audit file in case of a Department of Labor inquiry.

5. What is the “prevailing wage” and how is it determined?

The prevailing wage is the average wage paid to similarly employed workers in a specific occupation in the area of intended employment. It is determined by the Department of Labor and ensures that hiring a foreign worker will not negatively impact the wages of U.S. workers.

6. What does the recruitment process involve during PERM labor certification?

The recruitment process during PERM labor certification involves an employer advertising the position to demonstrate there are no willing and qualified U.S. workers available for the job. This process must adhere to specific regulatory requirements, including placement of job orders, newspaper ads, and potentially additional recruitment steps for professional positions.

7. What are the potential reasons for PERM labor certification denial?

PERM labor certification may be denied for a variety of reasons including errors or inaccuracies in the application, failure to meet recruitment requirements, or if the Department of Labor determines that there are qualified U.S. workers available for the position.

8. What happens after the PERM labor certification is approved?

Once the PERM labor certification is approved, the employer can file an Immigrant Petition for an Alien Worker, Form I-140, with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). The foreign worker can then apply for a green card (lawful permanent residence) when a visa number is available.

9. Can a PERM labor certification be transferred to a new employer?

Generally, a PERM labor certification is job and employer-specific and cannot be transferred to a new employer. If the foreign worker changes jobs, the new employer typically must start the PERM labor certification process from the beginning.

10. What is the process of appealing a denied PERM labor certification?

If a PERM labor certification is denied, the employer may request reconsideration or file an appeal to the Board of Alien Labor Certification Appeals (BALCA). The grounds for appealing a denial should be based on a substantial error in law or fact.

As always, specifics can vary case by case, so consulting with an experienced immigration attorney is recommended for anyone navigating the PERM labor certification process.

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You may have questions regarding the PERM Labor Certification Process. We invite you to reach out to our team at Richards and Jurusik for detailed guidance and assistance. Our goal is to provide you with the most accurate and up-to-date information to make your immigration process smoother and less stressful. The immigration lawyers at Richards and Jurusik have decades of experience helping people to work and live in the United States. Read some of our hundreds of 5-star client reviews! Contact us today for an assessment of your legal situation.

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